Field study on occupant comfort and the office thermal environment in rooms with displacement ventilation

TitleField study on occupant comfort and the office thermal environment in rooms with displacement ventilation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsMelikov, A, Pitchurov, G, Naydenov, K, Langkilde, G
JournalIndoor air
Volume15
Pagination205-14
Accession Number15865620
Keywordsair movements, construction, data collection, environment, facility design, occupants, Temperature, VENTILATION
Abstract

UNLABELLED: A field survey of occupants' response to the indoor environment in 10 office buildings with displacement ventilation was performed. The response of 227 occupants was analyzed. About 24% of the occupants in the survey complained that they were daily bothered by draught, mainly at the lower leg. Vertical air temperature difference measured between head and feet levels was less than 3 degrees C at all workplaces visited. Combined local discomfort because of draught and vertical temperature difference does not seem to be a serious problem in rooms with displacement ventilation. Almost one half (49%) of the occupants reported that they were daily bothered by an uncomfortable room temperature. Forty-eight per cent of the occupants were not satisfied with the air quality.PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The PMV and the Draught Rating indices as well as the specifications for local discomfort because of the separate impact of draught and vertical temperature difference, as defined in the present standards, are relevant for the design of a thermal environment in rooms with displacement ventilation and for its assessment in practice. Increasing the supply air temperature in order to counteract draught discomfort is a measure that should be considered carefully; even if the desired stratification of pollution in the occupied zone is preserved, an increase of the inhaled air temperature may have a negative effect on perceived air quality.